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Jesus Christ

Jesus Christ is the most important person that was ever born. I am going to summarize his life in this essay.

His life began when Mary, a Jewish virgin, was visited by an angel. He told her that she would be the one to give birth to the son of God. Mary and her betrothed husband, Joseph, traveled to Bethlehem because of the casus. Jesus was born in a manger in Bethlehem. We know he had at least four brothers. When he was twelve he was in the temple preaching to the Jewish priests!

We know he grew up as a carpenter’s son, Joseph,  and became good in structure. His father died when he was young.

When Jesus was thirty he began to preach about the gospel. He picked twelve men to be his disciples.

After many months of teaching, maybe years, he was crucified. He was laid in a tomb. During his teachings he had said that he would resurrect himself, so there was a guard placed in front of his tomb so that his disciples wouldn’t steal his body and say it was resurrected. Jesus was dead for three days. On the third morning (Easter Sunday) he rose from the dead! He began to teach for a while longer until he went back to heaven.

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Flavian Dynasty

The Flavian dynasty was started by a Roman soldier named Vespasian. He was at war when the Roman Senate called upon him to come back to Rome and restore order. They called upon Vespasian because he was head of the army at the time.

Originally Vespasian’s family was part of a class of Romans named the Equestrian class. But because of their military accomplishments they were able to move up the line socially.

In 70 AD, Jerusalem was destroyed by Titus, Vespasians son. The war against Jerusalem had been started by Vespasian himself, but he had to return to Rome to become next emperor.

When Vespasian died, Titus became king, or emperor. This was very important and unique because this was the first time in Roman history that a biological son actually took over the power as emperor after his father, and was actually successful.

Titus reigned for about 2-3 years before he died of a massive fever.

Domitian was the next and final Flavian emperor. He was Titus’ brother and he reigned for about 15  years, from 69-96 AD.  He was actually assassinated by the senate because they thought he was a tyrant.

That is the beginning and end of the Flavian dynasty.

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Pompeii

During the reign of Titus (a Roman emperor), in 79 AD the volcano erupted and covered Pompeii. This was the largest recorded eruption in this part of Europe and killed thousands of people. For years the city lay unexcavated, but is now uncovered and lays as an archeological site.

History of Pompeii

The city was founded near modern-day Naples, by the Oscans but was finally conquered as a Roman city in 80 BC. The city held about 20 thousand people and had a amphitheater, gymnasium, and many other luxuries. It was a vacation spot for the richer people of Rome. It was known for its immoral, and debauched cultur.

Volcano eruption

Mt. Vesuvis erupted on Augest 24, 79 AD. The heat from the volcano (482 F) could instantly kill anything within six miles of the mountain.

An eyewitness account

We have an eyewitness account by Pliny the Younger. This is remembered as the first news reporting situation, as he wrote this historical event down for later people to know what truly happened. He was on a boat in the Bay of Naples when the eruption happened, therefore had a great view of this event. The volcanic ash cloud covered the surrounding cities for three whole days, making it as dark as night during that period. Pompeii was buried 13 feet deep, not from the ground, but 13 feet deep above the highest buildings. The eruption blew the top off the mountain and caused a mud flow that destroyed the nearby city, Herculaneum. These two cities were never ever able to be rebuilt and inhabitable, so the people of Rome actually forgot about them. They were forgotten until we found and recovered them.

Conclusion

The artifacts and discoveries made from Pompeii have helped us understand more about Romans, their culture and their way of life. The lifestyle of the Romans straight down to their clothes, food, and houses were well preserved during the aftermath of the eruption.

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If I was ship wrecked and trapped on an island

If I was stuck on an island and I had to make my own tools and get my own supplies I would probably last about a week. I’m going to pretend that the island I got stuck on had a bunch of coconut trees, a dense forest, and wild animals. The first thing I would do is try to salvage anything I could from my wrecked ship. This would contain maybe some silverware, cloth, maybe full sets of clothing, some long-lasting food, and anything I could find that is healthy to drink. I would then make myself a little hut. This would be a simple task at first and then I would make it better the longer I lived and lasted on the island.

Making my ‘hut’

I’d first find three large logs, or sticks, and some tall grass. Assume I got some cloth, a needle, and some string from my ship. I would sew up the cloth together the best I could making about two layers, to keep out the rain. Then with the long pieces of grass, I’d wind them together and tie off the ends. I would then set up one log standing straight up and another on top. With my grass rope I would tightly tie them together making them as stable as I could. I’d then lay them down gently on their sides and dig a hole big and deep enough for the bottom log to fit inside. Then I would stick it inside of the hole and push the dirt, or sand, back in and pack it tightly around the log. It would then look something like a cross. Then I would lay the cloth over it and make a roof. I’d roll the two other logs evenly as I can, on the sides of the pole. I’d wrap the cloth underneath  the logs, and there you have a simple hut, or tent.

Getting food

To get food I would make more rope out of the tall grass. But this time I’d make it so that the rope was thin, so it would be harder to see, but still strong. I’d grab two large sticks and then go into the forest. I’d first make a ladder out of two logs, some grass rope, and some stable sticks. I then would dig a deep and wide hole. Let’s pretend that I used my hands and some rocks and sticks to dig this. Then with the two sticks and my thinner grass rope I’d pound the sticks into the ground with a rock, and tie the ends of the grass rope around them. This would make a trip wire. Which I would put right in front  of the pit. That way  when an animal trips on my wire it falls into the pit and is stuck.

Making knifes out of wood

To make a knife out of wood for cutting meat and protection is really simple. I’d get a good size stick and a sharp rock. I’d scrape the rock against my stick and make it smooth and sharp at the tip. To make it more sanitary for cutting my food, wash it. I’d do this by using some of the clean water I got from my ship, and some soap, also from the ship. I’d clean it as well as I could. Now for the handle, I’d make a bunch of grass rope and wrap it tightly around the bottom half of my knife. I’d do the same but to bigger sticks for spears and sharp poles. I could use these for fishing.

That’s what I would do at the start to try and survive on an island.

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Roman Houses

The poorest people in Rome lived in small apartment rooms in different buildings around the city. These rooms were usually crowded, small, dirty, and were not very well-built so there were small chances of collapse. The houses did not have any water or kitchens, and fires were not allowed to be used because the houses were built close together and they did not want any chances of a fire starting and burning down a whole block. Most cheap homes didn’t even come with bathrooms, and so the Romans would have to go to the public bath houses. These were very public and you had to pay a fee to get in. Most poor people had to use a bucket of water to clean themselves, and that’s all.

Only the Richest Romans could afford a town home. These were spacious and luxurious and vastly different from the small apartments. They included an atrium in the center and included several specific living areas.

So you see that being rich or poor mattered if you wanted to be comfortable.

 

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Octavian Augustus Caesar

Octavian was in the second triumvirate. A triumvirate was a group of three people who all helped rule Rome together. Well, Octavian wanted to rule Rome by himself, like an emperor. Antony was another member of the second triumvirate and he and Octavian made a deal that Octavian got to rule Rome and Antony got to rule Egypt. Well, Antony fell in love with Cleopatra, the Egyptian queen, and divorced his first wife to marry her.  His first wife happened to be Octavian’s sister and this a feud between Anthony and Octavian.

When Antony and Cleopatra tried to conquer Rome, Octavian crushed them in battle and he took over Egypt. After this there was a period of peace. This period of peace is known as the Pax Romana. When Octavian become king his name became Augustus. Rather than trying to rule over the people he worked with the Roman senate to improve Rome. He also reduced the size of the army to stop a coup from happening. Augustus encouraged cultural improvement and developments to be made during his time of peace. He built many palaces, temples, and other buildings in Rome. Augustus first set the standard of distributing free food, money, and entertainment to the people when they got restless.

He is known as a very good king, and during his reign the Roman Republic was forgotten.

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Where I Would Live and Why.

If I could pick where to live, I’d pick right where I am. I live in Sandy Utah. I love Utah because there is some very pretty and beautiful places and monuments, some lakes and ponds, and there’s a lot of temples here for my religion. I love the hot, warm, cool, and cold weather here. All of my family members also live in different parts of Utah. We can even drive to St. George! There are pretty trees here also. I love living in Utah and as of right now, don’t want to leave.

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Carthage

Carthage was found by a princess named Dido around the year 814 BC.  She was the daughter of King Tyre, but when he died and her brother became king she fled and started a new kingdom. The reason she fled was because her brother was ruthless, he even killed his uncle to become the next king when his father died, so Dido left because she feared that he might kill her.

Carthage is located on the coast of North Africa.

Carthage had many provisions and good things to trade. They especially had a lot of silver, tin, and copper.

Even though Carthage was a great trading place, they had many wars with other civilizations. The Greeks, Sicilians, and soon even the Romans were fighting against them.  They eventually had the Punic wars.

The Punic wars was a set of three wars that was with Carthage and Rome. There purpose was to decide who was going to be in control of the Mediterranean sea trade routs.  Carthage had a better navy, Rome had better land troops.

After these three wars Carthage had been ravaged. And soon was rebuilt as a Roman city by Julius Cesar and became a very important African and Roman trading post.

 

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Mr. Fogg

The topic for this essay was to write a one to two page essay on one of the characters from a previous book that I’ve read this semester.  I chose the character Phileas Fogg from Around the World in 80 days.

Fogg.

Mr. Fogg is a quiet and mysterious man who lives in London. He has a very strict schedule that always goes exactly right. In the beginning of the book he fires his servant because he brought his water 2 degrees off of what its supposed to be.

He makes a bet with his friends, or really men from his reformed club, that if he can go around the world in 80 days and come back by a certain day then he will get 20 thousand pounds (Which is what they called their money back then).

He sets out and goes around the world. He goes on many small adventures during his great journey around the world. Right before he leaves a bank is robbed. People begin to think it was him, and that’s why he was eager to take on this risky bet. He even gets arrested in part of the story! But they find out that the man really responsible for the robbery was already caught. He somehow gets mixed up and arrives a day early and wins the bet. In his great journey he saved a lady named Auoda who, after returning back to London, he marries. They are super happy together and that’s when the story ends.

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Greek Worldview On Their Myths and Stories.

The Greeks believed that their Gods were in control of the seasonal changes. So they made up different myths on how and why the seasons changed.

Greeks thoughts on how the Seasons changed.

The Greeks had many stories on how the seasons changed in their yearly process.  Here is one of those myths/stories.

One bright sunny morning in Mount Olympus, Demeter said goodbye to her daughter Persephone. “I’ll be back for supper.” she said. As goddess of harvest, she took care of all the plants in the world. The weather was always fine and there were harvests all year long.

Demeter had hidden Persephone from the gods so that no one would be able to marry her.

After her mother had gone, Persephone and her friends went to pick flowers. Trying to find the best daisies, Persephone wandered away from her friends and was soon on her own.

All of a sudden, Persephone heard a noise and looked up into the sky. She saw a chariot pulled by four black horses driven by Hades, the god of the underworld. Hades had fallen in love with Persephone but knew that Demeter would not allow him to marry her daughter.

Before Persephone could scream, Hades dragged her into his chariot and raced away. As they raced across the ground, a humungous cleft appeared on the ground. Hades drove straight down through it and the ground closed behind them. Hades and Persephone disappeared into the underworld.

When Demeter went home that evening, she called out to Persephone saying that she brought back some corn and that she was going to make some soup for dinner. When there was no reply, Demeter went around the house calling Persephone’s name. Then she realized that the house was empty. She decided to wait, thinking that Persephone was outside and had not yet returned. She waited until it was midnight, when she began to grow worried. For nine days and nine nights, Demeter searched and searched for her missing daughter, not even stopping to rest or eat.

Dressed in black instead of her usual bright and sunny dresses, Demeter went all over the country, searching for Persephone as an old woman.

Since she no longer took care of the crops, nothing grew anymore. The corn rotted in the fields no fruit ripened on the trees and the grass turned brown. There was nothing for cows, sheep and goats to eat and the people of the world were near to starving.

One day, Zeus called a meeting for all the gods and goddesses. “This is serious.” Zeus said in a thundering voice. “If we don’t persuade Demeter to look after the crops of the world, people will die.

A goddess, who  heard that Hades  captured Persephone said: “Hades must let Persephone leave the underworld, only then will Demeter save the earth.

Zeus called Hermes, messenger of the gods, to go to the underworld and ask Hades to let Persephone leave the underworld. Hermes flew off at once. Only gods and goddesses could go into the underworld, the home of the dead people and come out again.

“I will never let Persephone go.” growled Hades. “I love her and want to marry her.” “Please be reasonable Hades.” Hermes begged. “You know that Persephone doesn’t love you.”

“Fine.” roared Hades angrily, “I will let her go if she does not eat anything here. You know the rules. If she does then she must stay here forever.”

“That’s easy, lets just ask her.” said Hermes.

“I did not eat anything!” Persephone cried. “I haven’t even touched a single crumb of food!”

A misty ghost of a gardener was listening. “Oh yes you did” he said. “I saw you pick a pomegranate and eat it.”

“No,” cried Persephone. “I didn’t eat the whole thing, I was just so thirsty I just swallowed four seeds.”

“That’s enough!” roared Hades.

“Please Hades,” begged Hermes. “Let her go, a few seeds isn’t that much.”

“Fine then!” shouted Hades. “Persephone may be with Demeter for half of the year while she stays with me in the underworld.”

Hermes held Persephone’s hand and took her away from the underworld and back to Demeter. Demeter was so happy, that she turned back into herself and wore bright and sunny clothes again. She also made sure that everything in the world grew again. “Oh my darling daughter.” she had said when Persephone had arrived. “You have come back to me” “Yes, but I may only stay with you for half a year.” Persephone sobbed. “I’ll have to spend the rest in the underworld.” Demeter was sad but knew that she had to accept this.

All through the summer Demeter was happy and busy, but when Persephone had to go back to the underworld she was sad and it became autumn. Then the weather would turn cold and it will be winter. But when Persephone returned Demeter was happy and it would be spring again.

This is how the Greek’s explained the changes of seasons.