Peloponnesian Wars

When Athens and Sparta were fighting Persia, during the war Sparta said that they had had enough fighting and broke out of the war leaving Athens to fight the Persians alone. After that Sparta and Athens started fighting and having small arguments that made them both dislike each other, causing big tension between them. In the year 459 BC, a war finally broke out between the two largest city-states. Megara and Corinth started the fighting, which led to Athens breaking their peace treaty with  Megara which was a Spartan ally.  Athens kept control of the Delian League, which was what they called all their allies, and opposed the allies of Sparta. The war  between Sparta and Athens lasted 15 years and Athens contained control over some of Sparta’s allies for a short time. Finally Sparta got sick of Athens and they stormed into Attica which was Athens home land, and demanded Athens give  up their conquered lands.

In the year 466 BC, the thirty year’s peace treaty was signed and Athens and Sparta agreed that each city-state would have its own ally system, and each was not allowed to interfere with a city-state that was not one of these allies. Athens broke the peace treaty when they imposed trade stations at Megara, who was not one of Sparta’s allies anymore, and also fought a side war with Corcya in which Athens had no stake. After this small war, Athens commanded that Corinth tear down their city walls.

Well, Sparta’s assembly agreed that Athens broke the peace treaty, this spawned another war in which Sparta was the aggressor. This war was longer than the first, lasting 17 years. The Athenians were led by Perciles, a naval general who promoted the policy of Athens’s strong navy to ravage Sparta’s coast. This worked for several years and Athens won a battle over Sparta in Naupactus. But in the year 430, a plague struck Athens and killed 30,000 men. This left Athens very weak. When this happened the Athenians could have been subdued but they gathered up their navy and headed back to war. This fleet was lead by Demosthenes and they won a victory in 425. Cleon, leader of Athens came from Athens and helped  finish off any stranded Spartan navy forces. Right as Athens was feeling good, Sparta’s general marched right into Thrace an Athenian colony. This was bad because this was the source of Athens silver trade. Thucydides, Athens general, was exiled after being defeated and wrote history about the war. There was a small peace of 6 years when both Cleon and Brasidas, 2 of Athens generals died. But after the 6 years Athens got the allies of Sparta to go against Sparta in a battle. Sparta again won and gained leadership over all of its allies again. In the 17th year of war the battle ground was moved to Sicily. Athens went to defend its colonies who were being attacked by Sparta’s allies. Sparta came and helped fight against Athens. A little later Sparta won a major naval victory for the first time  and this took control over Athens future.

The city of Athens was having many struggles, as one of their allies turned against them. And the only reason Athens wasn’t completely destroyed was because its foes lacked the initiative and sense of urgency to fight and win.

In the year 404 Athens finally surrendered after many more problems and wars.

Another war broke out and after years of wars and fighting, Persia finally broke in and said they would help Sparta unless Athens made peace. Athens made peace because they were way to weak to fight off Sparta and Persia. That ended the Peloponnesian wars.


Alexander The Great

Alexander was born in 356 BC. When he was ten years old his father Philip the 2nd bought a horse for him. But the horse could not be trained, it would rear up and buck off any one who tried to saddle him. Alexander observed this and found that the horse was scared of its shadow. So Alexander moved the horse and was able to saddle it himself. This made his father very proud. When his father died from being stabbed to death from his chief captain, Alexander became king at age 20. After he conquered Greece he went through the Hellaspont and went to conquer Persia and India. He went to Persia and king Darius the 3rd was no match for him and was frequently pushed around. King Darius was finally killed, not by Alexander, but by his own men who rebelled. After this he went off to India.

He had two goals and completed them both.

1.) To spread Greek/Persian culture.

This was rejected by some of his men but the Greek culture was practiced and used due to the fact that there were a lot of Greeks. So we take this as  half complete.

2.) To create a name for himself/ build a huge empire.

This was accomplished entirely, he was given the name “The Great” due to the fact that he never once lost a battle. And his empire was the largest in the world at that time period.

He only ruled for eleven years. He died in 323 BC. There could have been two reasons for his unexplained death. 1.) We know that he was sick for a couple weeks before he died and it might have been the cause of a disease or a un-cared for wound. 2.) It also could have been an assassination.


Another Ad

So today I am yet again writing my own ad, but this time for a job that will do service to someone, help them, or make their day easier.

For my topic I am making an ad about my dog business I am doing this summer with my family.

The ad starts with a lady going on a vacation but having to make quick calls to see if she can find someone to tend and care for her puppy. She can’t seem to find anyone with the time to, or in her price rang that she is willing to pay. Then time freezes and a man (or woman) walks out and explains the troubles of leaving and trying to find a sitter. Then the screen goes to different pictures of dogs and puppies playing with me and my brothers and the man/or woman says, “These kids will be happy to watch over  your unique and very special dog or puppy. They will also take them on walks, plus they are very low cost and convenient at $3 every half hour for walking, and only $7 a day for each individual dog/or puppy.” It goes back to the girl and she is giving me and my brothers instructions for taking care of her dog and then she goes to the airport.



Cyrus the Great

Cyrus the Great is known for being the ‘great’ king of Persia. His empire was very big. The biggest in the world at that time.  It reached  from Asia Minor to India.

After the Medes, who Cyrus came from, won a war with the Assyrians, it was divided in half between the Medes and the Babylonians. The Medes got North and East. The Babylonians got South and West. When Cyrus came to power he united the Medes, Persians, and Lydians into a new empire. Cyrus claimed power over all the Medes and Persian kingdoms. Many of the kings were his relatives and so they submitted to him willingly. This established the official Persian empire. While Cyrus was king he actually conquered Babylon which was a big deal. His daughter married Darius the Great who would be another great king. While in reign he let the Hebrews go back and rebuild Jerusalem.

Cyrus the Great was succeeded by his son Cambyses the second who reigned for many years. According to some journal writings his reign was not a happy one.




So today the essay was supposed to be on either, ‘write a fictional story about what you would do if you were given the tools to make your own business.’  Or, ‘write a fictional ad if you had a business, and explain why and how it would benefit the people who buy it.’.

I chose to write a fictional ad.

 My ad would start out as a lady  rummaging through her cupboards looking for coffee, hot cocoa, etc. But she can’t find it. Then time freezes, and a woman walks into the kitchen. She says, “Why look for one of these non beneficial drinks? Instead look for a pack of these.”  She lifts up a box full of tulsi tea bags. She then explains how they are beneficial to you. “Tulsi is a great tea, but is not recognized by most people. Tulsi tea is useful for many things. It reduces stress, supports the immune system, is abundant in antioxidants, builds stamina, powerful adaptogen, aids digestion, anti aging, balances metabolism, balances energy levels, and uplifts mood. It also is a hot drink and can be sweetened by any natural sweetener.” The lady walks out of the kitchen and time restarts. The lady then goes to the store and buys tulsi tea. She puts honey in it and drinks the warm soothing drink. Then it does the whole, ‘call this number to get tulsi.’ And the ad ends.


Greek, Math, Science etc.


Thales–first to discover  natural science, thought everything originated from water.

Socrates–developed socatic method.

Plato–wrote Republic about his ideals for society.

Aristotle–father of formal logic and reasoning.

Heraclitus–thought fire was main element.


Archimedes–very smart mathematician, seemed to be able to solve any problem given to him.

Eratosthenes–calculated circumference of earth.

Pythagoras–established Pythagorean Order.

Euclid–father of geometry and author of Elements. 

Hypatia–The ONLY female mathematician, very awesome.


Anaximander–first developed idea of evolution.

Aristarchus–calculated size of sun,moon, and earth.

Anaxagoris–first to understand solar and lunar eclipses.

Hippartchus–named and calculated 850 different stars.

HIppacrates–created standards for proper medical care.

Galen–developed medicine and wrote books.




The Spartans and the Athenians were very different civilizations of the Greeks. The Spartans were a very war like people who instead of putting their seven year old boys into school they put them into the army.  But the Athenians were very different, they took more care of their children and put the seven year old’s into schools. 

Greek Religion

We all know about the Greek Gods. There are a lot, but we  know mostly of the 12 main ones, Zeus, Poseidon, Hermes, Hera, Hades, Dionysus, Demeter, Apollo, Ares, Artemis, Athena, Aphrodite. Did you know that these were more like public Gods and Goddesses, but  the Greeks worshiped and feared what they called The Backyard Gods. The Backyard Gods were the Greeks dead family members who were buried around their property. 

Women and Men

Men and women were very different. They were closer together if they were Athenians but if  you were a couple in Sparta, you would not be able to see or speak to your mate.  The men went to work and the army, while the girls took care of the children and themselves by making sure they cleaned their hair and bodies. They made their hair silky and smooth, which was very important to them.  


France’s Coulter

France, and more specifically its capital city of Paris, has been a high culture center dating back to the 1600’s in most of Europe. In the 1900’s the French culture and its high society appeal spread to be known throughout most of the world. France has also played an important role in cuisine, fashion and cinema, beginning in the late 1800’s. There are several different regional languages throughout France including Breton and Alsatian, Occitan and the Basque language which is in no way related to French. Because France maintains freedom of thought and religion, as established in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in 1789, there are several different religions practiced in their country. French cuisine is world famous and plays a strong role in the country’s reputation for high culture, as is the strong connection to high style fashion.

There is also approximately 65 million people living in France today! Religions practiced in France include Roman Catholicism, Islam, Protestantism, and Judaism.  France is well known for being a romantic country with strong emphasis on passion, not only for love relationships but for food, wine, living well, and less-commercialized pursuits.



The Aeneid is a story written by Virgil, an author and poet. He wrote during the time of Augustus Caesar. He mostly wrote about stories surrounding the founding of Rome. The Aeneid was a story about this Trojan prince, Aneas who survived the Trojan war. He has to flee Troy with his family and find a new homeland. During his journey his dad dies and is buried on the island of Sicily. Now Aneas is really starting to want to settle down and find a new place to start a new civilization.  They next sail on to Carthage.  The Queen of Carthage, Dido, falls head over heals for Aneas and wants him to stay forever. But when Aneas has to leave she curses him that one day the people of Carthage will fight and be destroy Aneas’ descendants. It turns out that later in history that does happen. After Aneas leaves, Dido is so sad and angry she commits suicide by stabbing herself. Aneas finally gets to Rome and makes a deal with the Atruscans,  that he would be able to settle down and start a civilization.




If I could travel around the world I’d make sure to go to Australia! I have a friend named Anika who is from there. I love kangaroos and koalas. Another one of the things I like about Australia is the accents. Anika’s accent is so cool and sometimes funny. In Australia they call erasers, rubbers! And the trash, the bin! It’s fun for me to guess what’s she’s talking about.  This one time she said this really funny word and I had know idea what she was saying! It was sooooooo funny! She had to point to what she was talking about!

Another place I would go is South America! I love animals and it sure has a bunch. I want to go and explore the jungles! the only bad thing is that I could get eaten by a tiger or jaguar, or even a leopard! Scary!

Those are the places I want to go even if their not far away from me, in North America.