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Seven Years’ War

The Seven Years War was a war that lasted seven years. That is straight forward enough right? It also is one of the main things that started the thoughts of the American colonies wanted freedom. This was the last major conflict before the French revolution that involved all the great powers of Europe. Generally, France, Austria, Saxony, Sweden, and Russia were aligned on one side against Prussia, Hanover, and Great Britain on the other. But a few other countries got involved as side characters, The Caribbean, South America, (north america was already way involved and is definitely not a side character) India, the Philippines, and West Africa, were also involved in this war. 

For most of the war Britain was getting their butts kicked. They were losing most of the battles that they started and were barely scraping by. Until the year 1759 when Britain’s luck changed drastically. It is called the Annus Mirables, or year of miracles, because suddenly Britain was able to gain the upper hand, and had a long string of victories, after victories. The British Empire was back! 

The war ended with the signing of the treaties of Hubertusburg and Paris in February 1763. In the Treaty of Paris, France lost all claims to Canada and gave Louisiana to Spain, while Britain received Spanish Florida, Upper Canada, and various French holdings overseas. So it is obvious that the biggest winner out of this war was Great Britain and that the biggest loser was the French, who lost a lot of their land, and their Navy was crushed. 

 

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